By Mircea Eliade
This quantity completes the immensely realized three-volume A heritage of spiritual rules. Eliade examines the circulate of Jewish proposal out of old Eurasia, the Christian transformation of the Mediterranean quarter and Europe, and the increase and diffusion of Islam from nearly the 6th during the 17th centuries. Eliade's enormous wisdom of prior and current scholarship offers a synthesis that's exceptional. as well as reviewing fresh interpretations of the person traditions, he explores the interactions of the 3 religions and indicates their carrying on with mutual impact to be sophisticated yet unmistakable.
As in his prior paintings, Eliade can pay specific cognizance to heresies, folks ideals, and cults of mystery knowledge, resembling alchemy and sorcery, and maintains the dialogue, began in previous volumes, of pre-Christian shamanistic practices in northern Europe and the syncretistic culture of Tibetan Buddhism. those subcultures, he keeps, are as very important because the better-known orthodoxies to an entire realizing of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
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Additional info for A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of Reforms
63 The oak was consecrated to him, as to the other thunder gods of pre-Christian Europe. According to the Byzantine historian Procopius, cocks were sacrificed to him and, on the occasion of the great festivals, bulls, bears, or goats . In Christian folklore, Perun has been replaced by St. Elijah, imagined as an old man with a white beard, traversing the Heavens in his fiery chariot. 64 According to Roman lakobson,65 he derives from the common Indo-European pantheon, and can be compared to Varul)a.
One year later, the city was evacuated and partially burned. Roman Africa had ceased to exist. 253. ), Saint Augustine's biography helps us to understand certain dimensions of his genius. Born to a pagan father and a Christian mother in 354, in the small village of Tagaste in Roman Africa, Augustine was first drawn to rhetoric. Subsequently, he embraced Manichaeanism, to which he remained faithful for nine years, and took a concubine who gave him his only son, Adeodatus. In 382, he moved to Rome in the hope of finding a professorial position.
The Czechs invoked her during droughts . 67 Certain medieval sources mention the god Rod (a theonym connected with the verb roditi, "to engender") 63. See the examples cited by Gasparini, /l matriarcato slavo , pp. 537ff. 64. Veles is attested in Christian demonology of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries , and persists in toponymy; Gimbutas , The Slavs, pp. ; idem, "The Lithuanian God Velnias, " pp. 87ff. 65. See his "The Slavic God Veles and his Indo-European Cognates"; but see also laan Puhvel , "Indo-European Structure of the Baltic Pantheon," p.
A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of Reforms by Mircea Eliade